Use the graphic below to explore the Seven Learning Principles of How Learning Works.
Prior knowledgeStudents’ prior knowledge can help or hinder learning.
OrganisationHow students organize knowledge influences how they learn and apply what they know.
MotivationStudents’ motivation determines, directs, and sustains what they do to learn.
MasteryTo develop mastery, students must acquire component skills, practice integrating them, and know when to apply what they have learned.
Goal - directedGoal - directed practice coupled with targeted feedback enhances the quality of students’ learning.
Social & emotionalStudents’ current level of development interacts with the social, emotional, and intellectual climate of the course to impact learning.
Self - directionTo become self-directed learners, students must learn to monitor and adjust their approaches to learning.
Graphic based on Ambrose, S. A., & Mayer, R. E. (Eds.). (2010). How learning works: seven research-based principles for smart teaching (1. ed). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.